Written by Theresa Rose on July 7, 2015

DES MOINES – Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey today commented on the Iowa Crops and Weather report released by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service. The report is released weekly from April through October.

“The dry weather and warmer temperatures last week helped fields dry and crops continue to mature. There are a lot of uneven fields due to the wet conditions much of the state saw in June,” Northey said.

The weekly report is also available on the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship’s website at or on USDA’s site at The report summary follows here:


Warm and sunny weather helped dry out soil conditions and aided crop development during the week ending July 5, 2015, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork. This was only the second week this season that all districts had at least 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Activities for the week included cutting hay, applying herbicides, and scattered replanting of crops.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 73 percent adequate and 25 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 75 percent adequate and 22 percent surplus. Statewide surplus topsoil and subsoil moisture levels dropped 6 and 4 percentage points, respectively, from the previous week.

Eighty-two percent of the corn crop was rated good to excellent. Nearly all soybeans have emerged. Soybeans blooming reached 20 percent. Soybean condition rated 78 percent good to excellent this week. Oats headed or beyond reached 96 percent this week. The percent of oat acreage turning color reached 43 percent, 4 days ahead of 2014, and slightly ahead of normal. Oat condition improved slightly to 82 percent good to excellent.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay reached 90 percent complete. The second cutting reached 24 percent, one week ahead of last year, but 4 days behind the average. Hay conditions remained 70 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition rated 80 percent good to excellent. Livestock conditions were reported as good.