EAB in Washington and Van Buren CountiesWritten by Theresa Rose on July 1, 2016
Dustin Vande Hoef, Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship, 515-281-3375 Kevin Baskins, Iowa Department of Natural Resources, 515-725-8288 Laura Sternweis, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, 515-294-0775
EMERALD ASH BORER CONFIRMED IN WASHINGTON AND VAN BUREN COUNTIES, IOWA Invasive Pest Now Detected in Over One-Third of Iowa’s Counties
DES MOINES – Emerald ash borer (EAB) has been positively identified in Brighton and Birmingham, bringing the total number of confirmed counties to thirty-four since it was first detected in Iowa back in 2010. EAB is responsible for the death of tens of millions of ash trees in the 27 states it has been detected. It is a native insect of Asia and was first reported in the U.S. in Michigan in 2002.
The Brighton discovery in Washington County came after a concerned homeowner alerted the Iowa EAB Team about an ash tree showing signs and symptoms related to EAB. For Birmingham in Van Buren County, the tree was noticed in a public area. In both cases insect specimens were collected and sent to the USDA Systematic Entomology Laboratory in Maryland where they were confirmed as EAB.
“We are not surprised to find more infestations in the southeast part of the state,” said Mike Kintner, Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship EAB and gypsy moth coordinator. “This area of the state has been hit the hardest with number of detections. Burlington was the first southeast Iowa finding back in July 2013.”
The adult beetle is metallic green and only about one-half inch long and slender making it difficult to recognize in the landscape. The larvae stage of this wood-boring insect tunnel under the bark of ash trees, disrupting the flow of water and nutrients, ultimately causing the tree to die. EAB infested ash trees include canopy dieback beginning at the top of the tree and progressing downwards, S-shaped feeding galleries under dead or splitting bark, D-shaped exit holes, water sprouts (along the trunk and main branches), and increased woodpecker activity to the bark.
The Iowa EAB Team urges Iowans to use locally sourced firewood, burning it in the same county where it was purchased. Firewood is a vehicle for the movement EAB and other tree-killing pests.
At this calendar date, the treatment window for soil-applied preventive treatment measures (soil injection, soil drench, or granular application) and basal bark sprays has ended. Trunk injections can be done now through the end of August, provided there is good ground moisture. Landowners interested in protecting a valuable and healthy ash tree within 15 miles of a known infestation, should have landscape or tree service companies bid on work and schedule a treatment.
The State of Iowa will continue to track the movement of EAB on a county-by-county basis. Before a county can be officially recognized as infested, EAB must be collected by a member of the Iowa EAB Team and verified by USDA entomologists.
To learn more about EAB and other pests that are threatening Iowa’s tree population, please visit www.IowaTreePests.com<http://www.iowatreepests.com/>. Please contact any of the following members of the Iowa EAB Team for further information:
- Mike Kintner, IDALS EAB coordinator, 515-745-2877, Mike.Kintner@IowaAgriculture.gov<mailto:Mike.Kintner@IowaAgriculture.gov>
- Robin Pruisner, IDALS state entomologist, 515-725-1470, Robin.Pruisner@IowaAgriculture.gov<mailto:Robin.Pruisner@IowaAgriculture.gov>
- Paul Tauke, DNR state forester, 515-725-8450, Paul.Tauke@dnr.iowa.gov<mailto:Paul.Tauke@dnr.iowa.gov>
- Tivon Feeley, DNR forest health coordinator, 515-725-8453, Tivon.email@example.com<mailto:Tivon.firstname.lastname@example.org>
- Emma Hanigan, DNR urban forestry coordinator, 515-249-1732, Emma.Hanigan@dnr.iowa.gov<mailto:Tivon.email@example.com>
- Jesse Randall, ISU Extension and Outreach forester, 515-294-1168, Randallj@iastate.edu<mailto:Randallj@iastate.edu>
- Laura Jesse, ISU Extension and Outreach entomologist, ISU Plant and Insect Diagnostic Clinic, 515-294-0581, firstname.lastname@example.org<mailto:email@example.com>
- Donald Lewis, ISU Extension and Outreach entomologist, 515-294-1101, firstname.lastname@example.org<mailto:email@example.com>.
- Jeff Iles, ISU Extension and Outreach horticulturist, 515-294-3718, firstname.lastname@example.org<mailto:email@example.com>